Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

An acceptable manuscript should meet the following general criteria: it reports a contribution to science, sound methodology was used, and is explained with sufficient detail so that other capable scientists could repeat the experiments. Conclusions are supported by data, the manuscript is concise, well written, and understandable. The manuscripts are in English.

Manuscript Format

The manuscript should be uploaded to the journal system and must consist of Title, Authors, Address and Email, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Result and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgment, and References. 

The Title

The title of the paper should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulas where possible. It should be written clearly and concisely describing the contents and results of the research. 

Authors

The manuscript has the main author and co-authors with the full name of the author and co-authors (no abbreviation), includes the affiliations and only one email for correspondence.

Abstract

The abstract should give readers concise information about the content of the article and indicate the main results obtained and conclusions are drawn. The abstract is not part of the text and should be complete in itself; no table numbers, figure numbers, references, or displayed mathematical expressions should be included. It should be suitable for direct inclusion in abstracting services. It should not exceed 200 words and written in a single paragraph. Since contemporary information-retrieval systems rely heavily on the content of titles and abstracts to identify relevant articles in literature searches, great care should be taken in constructing both. 

Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 (five) keywords (phrases), using the English language, avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Take good care with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should be alphabetical order. 

Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. However, a gap analysis is required in this part of the article. Explain how you addressed the problem and clearly state the aims of your study. As you compose the introduction, think of readers who are not experts in this field.

Materials and Methods

It should mention the time and place of research in the first part. All materials and methods that used such chemicals for analysis, treatment, and experimental design must be stated clearly and briefly. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction, and lays the foundation for further work. A calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results and Discussions

The result and discussion must be written in the same part. They should be presented continuously start from the main result to the supporting results and equipped with a discussion. The unit of measurement used should follow the prevailing international system. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. 

Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section. Suggestion placed after the conclusion contains a recommendation on the research done or an input that can be used directly. 

Acknowledgment

The acknowledgment is in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and does not include on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here the sponsors or individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.). 

References

A complete reference using the APA style should provide the reader with enough information to locate the article concerned, whether published in print or electronic form and should, depending on the type of references.

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